Chorea and Huntington’s Disease

Chorea is a descriptive term for a specific type of slow, random, flowing abnormal movement.  Huntington’s Disease one of the more common disease that manifests with chorea.  Chorea can be treated with medications that block or deplete the chemical dopamine.

parkinsonism

Chorea

Sydenham Chorea: a neurological disorder of childhood resulting from infection via Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS), the bacterium that causes rheumatic fever.  SC is characterized by rapid, irregular, and aimless involuntary movements of the arms and legs, trunk, and facial muscles.  It affects girls more often than boys and typically occurs between 5 and 15 years of age.

 

Tardive Chorea: a type of dyskinesia characterized by rapid, jerky involuntary body movements.

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s Disease is an inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Huntington’s disease has a broad impact on a person’s functional abilities and usually results in movement, thinking (cognitive) and psychiatric disorders.

huntington's disease

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